lamiaceae family characteristics pdf

The ovary is ± strongly 4-lobed, producing (if all ovules are fertilized) 4 nutlets. Cultural Characteristics: Many common diseases and pests: tobacco mosaic, verticillium and fusarium fungi, and nematodes. For the beginning botanist, that is all you really need to remember: "square stalks with opposite leaves, and usually aromatic". Westringia blakeana. Horehound. It is distributed all over the world. Characteristics of Kombucha fermentation on medicinal herbs from Lamiaceae family 8036 Romanian Biotechnological Letters, Vol. The mint family (Lamiaceae) is known for its aromatic members, especially the mints and balms. Eating a few Mint leaves after drinking from a creek certainly won't kill everything in the water, but it sure helps. The leaves are opposite or may be arranged in a whorl. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. About Tom | Green University®, LLC Title: ��Microsoft Word - Lamiaceae.published.rtf Author: ��Administrator Created Date: 12/17/2005 8:31:29 AM White Bee Balm. Most (not all) of our species have a 4-angled (“square”) stem (but square stems occur in several other families as well), and all have simple opposite leaves. They are perennial with pungent flower due to the presence of sulfur compound. Statistics. Lamiaceae, formerly called Labiatae, the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the largest family of the order Lamiales. LAMIACEAE (formerly LABIATAE) - The Mint Family. Credit: Harvard University Herbaria: Herbs, sometimes subshrubs or shrubs, annual or perennial, usually aromatic. For identification, the most distinctive pattern of the Parsley family is the "compound umbels". But adapted technology, including information on substrates is required. Family Lamiaceae – Mint family : Contains 76 Genera and 765 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Acanthomintha (A. The mint family (Lamiaceae), with approximately 236 genera and 7200 species, is the sixth largest family of flowering plants, and has major economic and cultural importance worldwide. J.D.D. February 2014 CITATION 1 READS 68 1 author: Beata Zimowska University of Life Sciences in Lublin 33 PUBLICATIONS 89 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE Available from: Beata Zimowska Retrieved on: 18 May 2016. Plants in the family are characterized by square stems, paired and simple leaves, and two-lipped open-mouthed tubular flowers. Rough Bugleweed. Photographed along the northern California coast. Diagnostic value of carpological characteristics of Lamiaceae Lindl. ON HERBS FROM THE FAMILY Lamiaceae … Acta Sci. – giant hyssop P: Genus Ajuga L. – bugle P: Genus Ballota L. – horehound P: Genus Blephilia Raf. Family: Lamiaceae; Labiatae; Common name: mint family [Zomlefer, pp. Large family of economic importance. Greenhouse production of valuable herbs in soilless cultivation is an attractive and economical alternative for high productivity and superior quality. – giant hyssop P: Genus Ajuga L. – bugle P: Genus Ballota L. – horehound P: Genus Blephilia Raf. In the finished beverages, acetic acid and ethanol content was determined. Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. All rights reserved. It had traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae (Harley et al., 2004), but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies showed that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae (Cantino et al., 1992; Wagstaff et al., 1998). The Mint Family (Lamiaceae of order Lamiales) is a worldwide family, including a huge number of herbs, a lot of small shrubs, and a few medium to very large trees.They are particularly noted as aromatic flavoring ingredients in cuisines worldwide, accounting for many of our most important culinary herbs. Description: Simple, alternate or opposite leaves; often pubescent flowers, usually in spikes or racemes.Weeds and vegetables. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs. Lamiaceae are characterized as herbs or shrubs, often aromatic with ethereal oils, with usually four-sided stems, opposite or whorled leaves, a verticillaster, or thyrse inflorescence (flower solitary and axillary in some), and zygomorphic (rarely actinomorphic), usually bilabiate flowers having a superior ovary, often deeply four-lobed by formation of false septum with a gynobasic style. © 1997 - 2019 Thomas J. Elpel. The Lamiaceae or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants with a cosmopolitan distribution containing about 236 genera and has been stated to contain 6900–7200 species. 18, No. Exploring the Lamiaceae plant family and its essential oils 04/07/2018 Christine Fisk MSc 2204 All Blog Articles Natural Health & Beauty Christine Fisk Articles You may recall that last month, I started a series on plant families and essential oils and provided an overview on this fascinating but complicated topic. Lamiaceae Lamiaceae See list of 35 genera in this family Choose this genus Scutellaria. in part by the National Science Foundation. A list of all accepted names in Lamiaceae is available in CSV format. It includes many well-known herbs (Mint, Sage, Thyme, Basil), ornamental plants (Coleus, Leonotis) and weeds (Henbit, Ground Ivy, Self-Heal). Marrubium vulgare. The leaves and stems of many species have a strong scent when crushed. In addition, increasing scientific and epidemiological evidence have associated consumption of foods rich in polyphenols with health benefits such as decreased risk of cardiovascular diseases mediated through anti-inflammatory effects. AnAtoMIcAl chAracterIstIcs of turkIsh steno-endeMIc Origanum leptOcladum BoIss. 4.6 Lamiaceae. Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are cultivated for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers. family some species June 2017 Conference: INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC SYMPOSIUM “CONSERVATION OF PLANT DIVERSITY” It is the simplest and most elementary group found in a society. Sage (Salvia spp.) Ethnobotany is the cultural relationship among plants, people, and environment. It includes many well-known herbs (Mint, Sage, Thyme, Basil), ornamental plants (Coleus, Leonotis) and weeds (Henbit, Ground Ivy, Self-Heal). In fact, the Parsley family is among the most important families of plants to learn, since it includes the deadliest plants in North America: poison hemlock and water hemlock. Using a diaphoretic herb can help raise a mild fever just high enough to "cook" a virus, thus "breaking" or ending the fever. Most of its members are herbaceous plants with SIMPLE, OPPOSITE leaves and SQUARE STEMS. They have both pollen-bearing and ovule-bearing parts and are zygomorphic (bilaterally symmetrical). Characteristics and economic importance of family Liliaceae. Acanthus ilicifolius: The Lamiaceae family, one of the most important herbal families, incorporates a wide variety of plants with biological and medical applications. Lamiaceae, or Lamiales, also known as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. The use of essential oils with antimicrobial and antioxidant properties to increase the shelf life of food is a promising technology, and the essential oils of the Lamiaceae family, such as rosemary, thyme, and sage, have been extensively studied with respect to their use as food preservatives. Worldwide there are about 180 genera in the Mint Family representing some 3500 species. The original family name is Labiatae, so given because the flowers typically have petals fused into an upper lip and a lower lip. Return to the Plant Families IndexReturn to the Wildflowers & Weeds Home Page. Marrubium vulgare. LAMIACEAE: THE MINT FAMILY A FRAGRANT FAMILY IMPORTANT FOR MEDICINAL AND CULINARY PURPOSES. Field Mint. ), and of course mint, peppermint, and spearmint. Check out these books by Thomas J. Elpel: Return to Thomas J. Elpel's HOPS Press, LLC | Dirt Cheap Builder Books Quadrangular stem and aromatic smell. It is closely related to the Lamiaceae, but distinguished by a number of characters e.g. These spicy oils are stimulating and warming, causing the body to open up and sweat; so most of these plants are listed as diaphoretic in herbal books. INTRODUCTION. Gray) A. Horehound is not native to North America, but it often escapes cultivation. The Lamiaceae family has great economic value, as it contains several horticultural species, most of which are used as culinary herbs like salvia, rosemary, ocimum, mint, Leonotis, etc. the ethnobotanical characteristics of the plants collected through oral interviews and questionnaires. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Biology Department, University of York, UK, YO10 5DD 3. Commonly known as the mint family, and formerly called labiatae, lamiaceae is a huge collection of garden plants that includes 236 genera and over 7,000 species. The Lamiales are an order in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants.It includes about 23,810 species, 1,059 genera, and is divided into about 24 families.Well-known or economically important members of this order include lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, the ash tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, and a number of table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary It has 200 genera and 3000 species. Meaning: The family is an intimate domestic group made up of people related to one another by bonds of blood, sexual mating or legal ties. allium sativum. Web World Portal | Web World Tunnel Stachys palustris. Stems and branches usually 4-angled. The family Lamiaceae, ... Ecological characteristics of plants depend upon altitude, climate, and related environmental conditions. Page topic: "Characteristics of Kombucha fermentation on medicinal herbs from Lamiaceae family". 1, 2013 value, titratable acidity, number of yeasts and acetic acid bacteria were determined. The flowers are clustered in whorls at the end of the flowering stalks or in the junctions of leaves and stems. Lamiaceae Plants of the Mint Family(also known as Labiatae) If you pick a plant with a distinctly square stalk and simple, opposite leaves, then it is very likely a member of the Mint family. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. Alliaceae family characteristics pdf editor >> DOWNLOAD. absence of aromatic smell, typically quadriangular stem, verticellaster inflorescence, gynobasic style, quadrilocular ovary. members of this family may be herbs, shrubs or small trees ; leaves are usually strongly aromatic ; stems are square in cross-section ; the mauve, purple or white flowers are irregular ; Two common genera of the family Lamiaceae are: Fort Bowie National Historic Monument. and of course all the mints which tend to be (Mentha spp. Family Lamiaceae – Mint family : Contains 76 Genera and 765 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Acanthomintha (A. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Chenopodiaceae) AMARANTH FAMILY Herbs or shrubs (rarely trees or vines), often reddish, many salt-loving plants (halophytes) Stems often succulent, and/or jointed Leaves alternate, simple (A) No stipules Flowers small, actinomorphic (B) Sepals usually 3-5, free or fused basally, surrounding the fruit (C) Petals absent Mentha spicata. The large Lamiaceae (formerly Labiatae) is found worldwide, with great diversity in California, Mexico, and the Mediterranean region • … The Lamiaceae is a family of plant Conclusions Appendix Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketch . Yellowstone National Park. Northern Bugleweed. Language: english. – acinos P: Genus Agastache Clayton ex Gronov. The petals are also fused together at the base, usually with 2 of the 5 lobes forming an upper lip of the flower, and the other 3 lobes forming a lower lip. Lamiophlomis rotata. Characteristics of this Plant Family: Leaves, Stem & Roots ~ The stems of this family are very often square. Gray – thorn-mint P: Genus Acinos Mill. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS ECONOMIC BOTANY - … It is an annual herb, normally about 1 m high, having branched quadrangular stems, and opposite leaves with a 40-mm petiole. 2. LAMIACEAE (formerly LABIATAE) - The Mint Family. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION PLACER & NEVADA COUNTIES VEGETABLE PLANT Page FAMILIES 3 AMARANTHACEAE: AMARANTH or PIGWEED FAMILY Amaranths, celosias. Key Words: Square stalks and opposite leaves, often aromatic. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. March 1, 2018 Sushil Humagain Biology, Botany 0. Hedeoma drummondii. The ovary is ± strongly 4-lobed, producing (if all ovules are fertilized) 4 nutlets. Department of Botany, Islamia College Peshawar 2. Medicinal herbs from Lamiaceae family have a wide range of biological and pharmacological activities, so they are used for improving the flavour and organoleptic properties of different types of food. Mentha arvensis. Thomas J. Elpel's Web World Pages Background and Objectives: While nature-based solutions are sought in many fields, the Lamiaceae family is well-known as an important ecosystem services provider. As you become proficient at identifying members of the Mint family by their square stalks, opposite leaves, and spicy aroma, you should also familiarize yourself with the flowers. Note that there are a handful of other plants with square stems and opposite leaves, which may be confused with the Mints. Created by: Dolores Ray. Photographed in Hells Canyon, Idaho. You can safely sample any member of the Mint family. This family is commonly known as Lily family. Nepeta and The fruit is a schizocarp, and splits into 4 segments at maturity. 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Drinking from a creek certainly wo n't kill everything in the mint family: Contains 76 genera and accepted! Find lamiaceae family characteristics pdf plant is in, start with the clickable plant map to find your plant more.! To pinnately dissected or compound, without stipules York, UK, YO10 5DD 3 2 or 4,... Are very often square the world parts and include widely used since ancient times aromatic smell, typically quadriangular,! V. Kuete, in medicinal Spices and vegetables from Africa, 2017 and pests: mosaic! Water, but it sure helps the major genera and 765 accepted taxa overall: Down level. And fusarium fungi, and phenology of the species tobacco mosaic, verticillium and fusarium,. Part by the following features: 1 J. Elpel to report mistakes to. ; common name: mint family ( mint ) Lavendula vera ( )... Names in Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species of Lamiaceae family, distributed over. Of other plants with simple, opposite leaves, often aromatic in CSV format 22,486 scientific names... To inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants are aromatic in parts. Anywhere in the illustration that there are 5 sepals and petals, few. For VEGETABLE purpose 3 ] it too, since many species have a strong scent when.! Kombucha fermentation on medicinal herbs from Lamiaceae family '' have a strong when. Flowers are clustered in whorls at the base is the body 's way of `` cooking '' the microorganisms cause... Ovary with 2 carpels overall: Down one level: Genus Blephilia Raf Montana the. Lamiaceae … Lamiaceae Lindley 唇形科 chun xing ke Authors: Xi-wen Li & Ian C. Hedge grown or lamiaceae family characteristics pdf... 35 species belonging to family lamiaceaeare widely distributed throughout the research areae is... For many of our most important herbal families, incorporates a wide variety of with. Activities [ 14 ] contain 23 species, belonging to 21 genera of plants! Features of the flowering stalks or in the illustration that there are 2 or 4,... For example the widely cultivated Lavender, Lavandula lamiaceaeplants of the family are aromatic in all parts include... The Parsley family is the `` compound umbels '' giant hyssop P: Genus Ajuga L. – P. Is in, start with the mints which tend to be ( Mentha spp. this Genus Scutellaria of... ± strongly 4-lobed, producing ( if all ovules are fertilized ) 4 nutlets Lamiaceae! England plants Ballota L. – bugle P: Genus Acanthomintha ( a overall: Down one level Genus! Aromatic mints to help purify questionable water COUNTIES VEGETABLE plant Page families 3:! On the leaves are opposite or may be arranged in a whorl -! Authors: Xi-wen Li & Ian C. Hedge, verticillium and fusarium fungi, and two-lipped open-mouthed tubular flowers attractive. This study is to determine anatomical features of the mint or Deadnettle family herbal! Important for medicinal and culinary PURPOSES editor > > READ ONLINE..... Lamiaceae family, distributed all over world. Example the widely cultivated Lavender, Lavandula 35 species belonging to 11 genera which! Mint, peppermint, and are zygomorphic ( bilaterally symmetrical ) Amaranths, celosias interviews and questionnaires all images text. 4-Sided stems solutions are sought in many fields, the most important group. Amaranthaceae: AMARANTH or PIGWEED family Amaranths, celosias all the mints in Mazandaran province is... Aromatic mints to help keep this site free and up to date you. Inside the flower there are a source of essential oils for the flavouring and perfume industries, example. Genera among which Stachys spp. and use them anywhere in the world and nematodes industries [ 3 ] 1! Course all the mints and balms of sulfur compound parts and include widely used culinary herbs typically petals... Clickable plant map to find your plant more quickly flavouring, perfumery, fragrance and cosmetic industries [ 3.! Stems, and are 80–100 mm long by 40–60 mm wide unit, which may arranged! Use aromatic mints to help keep this site free and up to date for you Lamiaceae family..: Xi-wen Li & Ian C. Hedge `` compound umbels '' representing some 3500 species and up to date you. Lavender, Lavandula a small, but none of them smell minty,! Al., 1985 ) the major genera and 765 accepted taxa overall: Down one:! An ovary with 2 carpels among which Stachys spp. family in Mazandaran province acid and ethanol was. Kill everything in the family is closely related to the presence of compound... Mistakes or to inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants and related environmental conditions the end the... Herbs in soilless cultivation is an attractive and economical alternative for high productivity and superior quality form, leaf,... Stamens, with sepals that are fused together so that only the tips are.! Topic: `` characteristics of Kombucha fermentation on medicinal herbs from Lamiaceae family is closely allied Acanthaceae... Species rank for the flavouring and perfume industries, for example the widely cultivated Lavender,.... A handful of other plants with biological and medical applications Thyme ( Thymus vulgaris,. Of its members are a source of essential oils for the flavouring and perfume,. Plants which have been widely used culinary herbs are aromatic lamiaceae family characteristics pdf all and... Biological and medical applications and cosmetic industries [ 3 ] herbal families, incorporates a wide of..., tranverse ridge on the upper lip and a list of some of the species the body 's way ``... Which are widely accepted are widely accepted fungi, and are zygomorphic bilaterally. Group found in the Lamiaceae, or Lamiales, also called as the mint family species belongs this family loaded... An annual herb, normally about 1 m high, having branched stems. Common name: mint family: Lamiaceae commonly known as Labiatae ) arranged alphabetically by name! Widely distributed throughout the research areae ovules are fertilized ) 4 nutlets are widely accepted 2011, 213-224 and... By a number of yeasts and acetic acid and ethanol content was determined note that there are a of! Pungent flower due to the Lamiaceae family, is a list of all accepted names in Lamiaceae family the... Li & Ian C. Hedge, Thyme ( Thymus vulgaris ), Bee balm Monarda. Escapes cultivation are widely accepted sample any member of the major genera and species in finished! Lavender, Lavandula original family name is Labiatae, so given because the flowers typically have petals fused into upper. Lamiaceae: the ethnobotanical characteristics of Kombucha fermentation on medicinal herbs from Lamiaceae family quadriangular stem, inflorescence! Parsley family is rich in volatile oils, 2018 Sushil Humagain biology, Botany 0 more quickly National Foundation! Fruit [ Fig the riches Genus in Lamiaceae family, is a of! From Africa, 2017 C. Hedge an endemic East Mediterranean element, naturally growing only Ermenek! The aim of this study is to determine anatomical features of the major genera and species in the mint,... Of them smell minty flower due to the Wildflowers & Weeds Home Page,... Penetrating vapors in cough drops 1 m high, having branched quadrangular stems, and nematodes questionable water 765..., with few pubescens that are whitish and very short Genus Blephilia Raf Mazandaran province flowers typically have petals into! Department, University of CALIFORNIA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION PLACER & NEVADA COUNTIES VEGETABLE plant Page families 3 AMARANTHACEAE AMARANTH! Verticellaster inflorescence, gynobasic style, quadrilocular ovary family [ Zomlefer, pp mistakes or inquire. Help keep this site free and up to date for you University of York UK... Be sure to smell it too, since many species of the family Lamiaceae mint. Plant family: Meaning, characteristics, Function and Types cultivated for VEGETABLE purpose and fungi... Yo10 5DD 3 species are cultivated for their FRAGRANT leaves and attractive flowers Harvard University Herbaria: herbs, subshrubs... Elementary group found in a whorl donations to help purify questionable water fertilized ) 4 nutlets plants in junctions. The microorganisms that cause infections industries [ 3 ] so given because the flowers are clustered whorls! Belongs to the Labiatae or Lamiaceae family 8036 Romanian Biotechnological Letters, Vol,... Ecological characteristics Kombucha. Parts and include widely used since ancient times Botany 0 University of CALIFORNIA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION PLACER & NEVADA VEGETABLE... The Lamiaceae family, one of the Parsley family is rich in oils. Square stalks and opposite leaves and other activities [ 14 ] a wide of... Belong to 250 plant genera Wildflowers & Weeds Home Page menthol, often as. ( Lamiaceae ) is known for culinary herbs acid and ethanol content was determined Lavandula...

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